Formation of the United Defence Forces of the EU, composed only from the part of the EU members.
Unification of the EU defence forces is a long-time debate in Europe. In spite of successes in all other areas, the area of the European army was least successful. Just recently, after Russian hostile reactivation, Middle East instabilities, but also due to the US strategy changes, that subject has become a hot topic again.
But nevertheless, the old issues emerged once more. For some member states replacement of the defence with the joint EU forces are not welcomed, but also unclear overlapping with the NATO functions, financing of the parallel defence, insufficient trust; different military doctrines, technologies, standards, line and language of command, represent too many questions without any answers.
Therefore, the EU must search for a different and disrupting solution, which must be unique as the image of the sui generis EU itself.
The differences between the defence forces of the EU members are very large. It is hard to believe that the state members that already have significant capacities would reject them on behalf of the defence they can’t direct. Also, there is some number of member states that don’t have relevant threats so it would be unfair to be forced to participate in the joint defence.
Therefore, the united EU defence forces should be formed only from member states ready to replace their own defence and embed their participation into stronger and more capable joint EU defence.
Following a previous assumption, the members’ states that might be ready to replace a national defence with the EU joint defence forces might be only smaller, insufficiently strong or the ones who are exposed to the higher threats.
This way, the EU would be able to rapidly capacitate the defence system, and strongly supported with the experience and technology of the larger and stronger European powers would be able to reach the comparable level of other large powers in the world in a short time.
On another hand, the EU would get a formal defence force which could be capable to comply with and support other member states in their defence actions in protecting the EU borders.
DIFFERENCES TO EXISTING PRACTICE
None of the existing achievements and practices could be called irrelevant. Development for the defence structure, formal funding’s, regulatory framework and synchronisation of standards, even headquarter is important, but in the existing circumstances all that misses the ‘boots on the ground’. Without a real military appearance, all that has no meaning and turns deception.
Counting on the NATO in existing circumstances is even over expected. The presence of the US in the Baltic states makes Russia upset and raises the potential conflict on the nuclear level. Instead of that, The United Defence Forces of the EU would be significantly effective, particularly if they would not be the nuclear power or part of NATO. Even more, that would be the solution for the nuisances with Turkey, where the EU should have the capacity to control its own borders.
As the following step, funding must be secured as necessary for comprehensive research which would include all the parties, including support of experts on subject matters from academia and number of professionals from the defence and politics sector.